Q: What is Title IX?
A: Title IX is a civil rights law from the U.S. Department of Education’s Amendments of 1972. It prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. Title IX states that: no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Q: Does Title IX protect all students from sexual violence?
A: Yes. According to the U.S. Department of Education, for the purposes of Title IX, sexual violence falls under the definition of sexual harassment. The Office for Civil Rights is responsible for enforcing Title IX and provides guidance to schools, universities and other agencies to assist them in complying with the law. If someone is a victim of discrimination, they may file a complaint with OCR under Title IX.
Q: What is required of schools under Title IX?
A: Every school must designate one employee who is responsible for making sure the school is in compliance with Title IX. The Title IX coordinator is responsible for overseeing all complaints of sexual discrimination and identifying and addressing any patterns or problems that arise during the review of such complaints. Schools are required to adopt procedures for students to file complaints of sex discrimination, including sexual harassment or sexual violence.
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