A Fourth of July-themed study from WalletHub compared all 50 states across 13 indicators of patriotism.
Texas weighed in at 46 out of 50, making the state one of the least patriotic in the country, according to the study.
New Hampshire took the title of the most patriotic followed by Wyoming in second and Vermont in third.
Some of the categories the states were scored on include:
- Highest average number of military enlistees
- Most veterans per capita
- Most Peace Corps volunteers per capita
- Highest percent of adults who voted in the 2016 presidential election
- Highest volunteer rate
Texas fell in at fourth in the category of highest average number of military enlistees, but also came in at 46th with one of the lowest percents of adults that voted in the 2016 presidential election.
Military engagement accounted for 25 points in the overall score, while civic engagement accounted for 75 points of the score.
The WalletHub study acknowledged that patriotism can be a "complex subject," and the researchers asked a panel of experts questions that helped define what patriotism really means.
The experts consulted include: Dr. Timothy Kneeland, professor of history and political science at Nazareth College; Dr. Sean Michael Laurent, assistant professor of psychology at the Univeristy of Illinois; David Konstan, professor emeritus of classics and comparative literature at Brown University.