Food allergies affect approximately 2 percent to 2.5 percent of adults and 2 percent to 4 percent of children under the age of 6. Test your knowledge of food allergies, and what can be done about them, with this true-false quiz.
- If your parents have a food allergy, you are more likely to have one as well.
- If you've reached adulthood without experiencing an allergic reaction to a food, relax, you never will.
- Children can outgrow a food allergy.
- The more you eat a particular type of food, the more likely you are to become allergic to it.
- Food allergies are not serious.
- Exercise can induce a food allergy.
- Peanut allergy sufferers can eat chocolate without peanuts safely.
- If you are allergic to peanuts, you may also be allergic to other legumes, such as peas and beans.
- In cases of severe allergic reaction, being in the same room or area with the offending food is enough to cause a reaction.
- The best treatment for a food allergy is to avoid eating the offending food.
Food Allergy Quiz
- True. Food allergies tend to be hereditary. If both parents have food allergies, their children most likely will too.
- False. Although food allergy most often occurs in infants and children, it can appear at any age and can be caused by foods that had previously caused no problems.
- True. Unlike adults, children can sometimes outgrow a food allergy. They are unlikely to outgrow allergies to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shrimp, however.
- True. Food allergy may develop through excessive exposure to a certain food. Scandinavians, for example, have a high incidence of fish allergy.
- False. If left untreated, some severe allergic reactions can be fatal. It's estimated that between 150-200 people die each year due to allergic reactions to food.
- True. In some people, exercise can induce an allergic reaction to a specific food if that food is eaten before exercising.
- False. Many chocolate candies are manufactured on equipment that is shared with nut-containing candy, so people with severe peanut allergies should avoid chocolate.
- True. Individuals who are allergic to a certain food might also be allergic to related foods.
- True. Some severe food allergies can result in an allergic reaction by simply breathing the air where the offending food allergen is present.
- True. There is no cure for food allergies and the most effective treatment is not eating the offending food in any form. In cases of severe reaction, any exposure to the food may need to eliminated.